Homemade Poultry Feeder & Waterer

Do It Yourself: PVC Gravity Feeder and Waterer

Homemade Poultry Feeder & Waterer

By Kevin McGrath, Illinois

Although old fashioned feeders may still work for some, people are finding themselves frustrated that their chickens are constantly pooping or kicking bedding into the feeder, which wastes feed and can spread illness and disease.

A properly constructed gravity feeder is the solution to these problems. It can contain as much or as little feed as the handler wishes to keep, it prevents any possible way for chickens to get waste into their food, and it will keep the contents dry and pest free. If you are looking for an alternative means of providing your hens crushed oyster shell other than in a bowl, this will accommodate that offering as well.

All of the materials needed to construct these feeders can be found at your local home improvement store. The tools required should be available in most everyone’s home or by borrowing from a neighbor.

PVC Poultry Feeder and Waterer
A properly constructed gravity feeder will be the solution to most feeder problems. It can contain as much or as little feed as the handler wishes to keep. It prevents any possible way for your chickens to get waste into their feed, and it will keep the inside contents dry and pest free.

Tools Needed

• Tape measure

• Power drill

• 1/4″ drill bit

• 7/16″ socket and 7/16″ wrench or adjustable wrench

• PVC primer (clear or purple)

• PVC cement

• A hand saw or PVC pipe cutter capable of cutting up to 4″ PVC

PVC Poultry Feeder and Waterer
Schedule 35 PVC waste pipe
Poultry PVC Feeder and Waterer
Corrugated waste pipe end cap
PVC Poultry Feeder and Waterer
PVC fence post cap (left) and downspout adapter (right)

 

Materials Needed

• 24″ of Schedule 35 PVC. This is a grey pipe used as waste pipe. (Regular Schedule 40 PVC will not work properly as noted in my explanation)

• Two 1/4″ x 1″ length bolts, washers, and nuts

• 4″ black corrugated waste drain cap

• PVC fencing post cap

• 4″ x 2″ x 3″ waste pipe fitting. This is found near the corrugated waste pipe and can be used for tying in downspouts.

PVC Poultry Feeder and Waterer
Drill a 1/4″ hole on either side 1″ in from the corners.
PVC Poultry Feeder and Waterer
The poultry gravity feeder assembly.

 

Directions

Start by taking the fence post cap and slipping it over the square end of the waste pipe fitting. This will be a snug fit. On the lip of the post cap, measure 1″ from the end and mark a dot on either side. With the 1/4″ drill bit, carefully drill a hole through these marks and slightly ream out to remove any burrs.

Push the 1/4″ bolts into each one of these holes, and by reaching into the circular opening of the fitting, slide a washer and thread a nut on each of the two bolts. Tighten enough to where these connected fittings can just barely hinge apart.

PVC Poultry Feeder and Waterer
The fence cap is set on top of the PVC pipe to keep dirt and debris out.

With the PVC primer, lightly coat one end of the pipe approximately 2″ down and the opening side of the fitting you’ve just constructed. Apply a light coat of PVC cement and firmly slide the fitting over the end of the pipe, hold in place for 10 seconds.

Slide the black cap over the top, and you are done!

Mounting can be done in several different ways. In my very first picture, you will see I used a chimney pipe bracket, but a couple of heavy duty zip ties will work as well if mounting to a fence post or such. Fill and enjoy!

Waterer

The gravity waterer is constructed in almost the exact same manner except with the use of a 4″ slip cap and as many water nipples as you would like to use. I always recommend a minimum of at least two nipples just in case one fails. Check the operation of this waterer daily.

PVC Poultry Feeder and Waterer
Chicken water nipples are screwed into the PVC cap. Photos by Kevin McGrath.

Originally published in the October/November 2012 issue of Backyard Poultry.

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