All Cooped Up: Fowl Typhoid and Pullorum Disease

All Cooped Up: Fowl Typhoid and Pullorum Disease
Add to Favorites Reading Time: 4 minutes The facts: What is it? A highly contagious bacterial disease.   Causative Agent: A rod-shaped, facultative aerobic bacteria called Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Gallinarum and biovar Gallinarum and Pullorum. Incubation period: 4-6 days.  Disease duration: Infection can be acute or chronic, with birds carrying the disease into adulthood and passing it to their offspring.  Morbidity: High. Mortality: Very high in young birds, moderately high in older birds.  Signs: Embryos can die in the egg prior to hatching. Birds exhibit depression, drooping wings, huddling, labored breathing, poor appetite, and have thick white paste-like diarrhea. Diagnosis: A necropsy examination with culture at a state diagnostic laboratory is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment: Not recommended.  The scoop: Pullorum disease and fowl typhoid are both caused by two strains of the Salmonella enterica bacteria. These bacteria affect chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, quail, guineas, peafowl, pheasants, and

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