Breed Profile: Ameraucana Chicken

Ameraucana Chickens Lay Beautiful Blue Eggs

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Breed Profile: Ameraucana Chicken

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Breed: Ameraucana chicken

Origin: The Ameraucana chicken is a blue egg-laying breed with tails and muffs. It was developed in the United States in the late 1970s by a small group of breeders. They were added to the APA Standard of Perfection in 1984, with a name deriving from a combination of “America” and “Araucana,” their rumpless ancestor. Though the Ameraucana is recognized as a distinct breed in the United States, some other countries refer to both tailed and rumpless varieties as Araucana. The same 8 varieties are recognized in both bantam and large fowl. These varieties were all created by Mike Gilbert, WI; Jerry Segler, IL; Wayne Meredith, WI and John Blehm, MI. Ameraucana chickens and Easter Egger chickens (mongrel or mixed breed chickens that processed the blue egg gene) were both bred up from Araucanas, a Chilean breed so old that it has no documented early history. Lavender Ameraucanas are a very popular newer variety that is not yet recognized by the APA or ABA. Source: Ameraucana Alliance 

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Varieties: Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten and White

Temperament: Very docile

Egg Color: Blue


Egg Size: Large

Laying Habits: 150 eggs per year

Skin ColorWhite skin, slate to black shanks/legs

Large Fowl Size: Cock, 6.5 pounds; Hen, 5.5 pounds; Cockerel, 5.5 pounds; Pullet, 4.5 pounds
Bantam Size: Cock, 30 ounces; Hen, 26 ounces; Cockerel, 26 ounces, Pullet, 24 ounces

Bantam Silver Ameraucana Chicks
Bantam Buff Ameraucana Chicks

Standard Description: Ameraucana bantams are in the APA “All Other Combs Clean Legged” (AOCCL) class of chickens. Ameraucana large fowl are in the APA “All Other Standard Breeds” (AOSB) class of chickens. Both were admitted to the Standard in 1984. Ameraucanas have pea combs and slate to black shanks. They are a general purpose fowl for egg production, meat and exhibition. True Ameraucanas are fairly rare and often confused with Araucanas and Easter Eggers. Many commercial hatcheries and feed stores label mongrel Easter Eggers as Ameraucanas. Source: Ameraucana Alliance 


Comb: Pea, relatively small, higher in center front and rear; Female: Pea, small.

Popular Use: Eggs, meat and exhibition

It really isn’t a Ameraucana chicken if it has: The presence of ear tuffs, or an absence of beard and muffs.

ameraucana chicken

Ameraucana Chicken Owner Quotes: “For many decades some commercial hatcheries promoted Araucana eggs as being lower in cholesterol and higher in nutritional value than other chicken eggs. Even though those claims were proven false over 27 years ago many people still believe them to be true. Remember that Araucana, back in the day, meant any chicken with the blue egg gene. Heck, those same commercial hatcheries even claimed that Araucana meat had a taste similar to quail! Imagine that — chicken that doesn’t taste like chicken.” — John Blehm, Secretary of the Ameraucana Alliance, as published in Backyard Poultry, June/July 2007.

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buff 2015

Learn about other chicken breeds from Backyard Poultry, including Orpington chickensMarans chickens, Wyandotte chickens, Olive Egger chickens (cross-breed) and many more.

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One thought on “Breed Profile: Ameraucana Chicken”
  1. Please correct your article. Ameraucanas were not bred up from Araucanas.

    I will quote from the Ameraucana Alliance FAQ:

    “No tufted-rumpless fowl were used to create any of the eight recognized varieties of Ameraucanas. Ameraucanas weren’t bred up from Araucanas and Araucanas weren’t bred up from Ameraucanas. Both were created from Easter Eggers. Both breeds have specific requirements with regard to shape, weights, coloring, comb, earlobes, and so on.”

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